Patterns of Creativity in Japan Lessons from Successful Japanese Companies – A Resource

Cartesian Vs. Fuzzy Logic

While Westerners have been socialized to think linearly, Japanese think in a more cyclical way.

There is also more tolerance for ambiguity – less yes/no, more ‘shades of grey’.

Problems are complex, incoherent and vague. They require incremental, diffused solutions (cf wicked problems).

Everything is relative.

Source: Tatsuno, S. (1990). Created in Japan: from imitators to world-class innovators.