Bring previously unrelated organizations into a single, regional whole, creating a new paradigm with greater emphasis on horizontal ties.
This enables communication and coordination and creates a forum for exchanging and sharing information – sparking innovation.
Example: East Japan Railways created ‘District Station Masters’ to help bring together parts of the organization that previously did not work together.
Source: Katayama, O. (1996). Japanese business into the 21st Century: strategies for success.