Patterns of Creativity in Japan Lessons from Successful Japanese Companies – A Resource

Information Redundancy

“A condition where some types of excess information are shared in addition to the minimal amount of requisite information held by every individual, department (group), or organization in performing a specific function.”

Such information helps to clarify required information and “increases the reliability and induces an expansion of the significance of such requisite information.” It also stimulates creativity and is related to the generation of new meanings.

Example: Nonaka’s investigations into innovation in Japanese companies.

Source: Nonaka, I. (1990). Redundant, overlapping organization: a Japanese approach to managing the innovation process. California Management Review, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 27-38.